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Fluorescent peptides are short amino acid chains that emit light when exposed to certain wavelengths of light. These peptides are often used as probes in fluorescence microscopy, which allows for the visualization and tracking of biological molecules and processes. Additionally, fluorescent peptides can be used to monitor protein-protein interactions and enzymatic activities in real-time. The design and synthesis of fluorescent peptides involve various techniques, such as solid-phase peptide synthesis, click chemistry, and bioconjugation.
LifeTein offers an extensive range of fluorescent labeling options, including FITC, FAM, TAMRA, Cyanine Dye Cy3, Cy3.5, Cy5, Cy5.5, Cy7, Cy7.5, EDANS/Dabcyl, MCA, AZDye, BODIPY FL or Alexa Fluor (Alexa488, Alexa532, Alexa546, Alexa594, Alexa633, Alexa647), ATTO Dyes (Atto465, Atto488, Atto495, Atto550, Atto647), DyLight (DyLight 488, DyLight 550). Different fluorescent dyes cover a broad spectral range and offer various excitation and emission wavelengths to facilitate the detection of peptides using different fluorescence detection techniques, such as flow cytometry, microscopy, and microarrays.
|Probe||Ex (nm)||Em (nm)||MW||Notes|
|Methoxycoumarin (MCA)||360||410||317||Succinimidyl ester|
|Alexa 488 dye||490||525||699.7|
|Alexa 555 dye||555||580||534.5|
|Abberior Star635||635||655||911||STED and Confocal Imaging|
|Silicon-Rhodamine (SiR)||652||674||472.61||Multicolour Live Cell Imaging|
Fluorescent dyes are the primary means of labeling biomolecules. The most common such dyes are FITC derivatives, which have a wide range of applications in ﬂuorescence microscopy, ﬂow cytometry, and immunoﬂuorescence-based assays.
Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) relies on the distance-dependent transfer of energy from a donor fluorophore to an acceptor fluorophore. FRET peptides, which are used to study the binding of peptides to proteins, conformational changes of peptides, protease activity, and measurement of molecular proximity, can be achieved using various FRET fluorophore/quencher pairs, including Abz/Dnp, EDANS/Dabcyl, Mca/Dnp, Trp/Dnp, FAM/Dabcyl, and TAMRA/BHQ3.
Standard dye combinations used for FRET:
Useful FRET calculator that provides a listing of key FRET pair information: www.fpbase.org/fret/
An Angiotensin-(1-7) Endopeptidase in the Kidney Cortex, Proximal Tubules and Human HK-2 Epithelial Cells that is Distinct from Insulin Degrading Enzyme, American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, 7 January 2015Vol. no. , DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.00609.2014
Fluorescent peptide Angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)) with FRET pair Abz/[Tyr7(NO2)] was synthesized by LifeTein. This FRET peptide was used to study the Ang-(1-7) endopeptidase in the renal renin angiotensin system. It was found that the endopeptidase is expressed within the renal proximal tubule. It may regulate Ang-(1-7) tone.
... 100 µM Abz-Ang-(1-7)- [Tyr7(NO2)], an internally quenched fluorescent peptide (synthesized by LifeTein, South Plainfield, NJ, USA) for 20 hours or 0.5 nM 125I-(Ang-1-7) for 60 minutes at 37°C ...
Fluorescent dyes are used to monitor the cell penetration of peptides and conjugated to various antibodies, proteins, and peptides for cellular labeling and detection. LifeTein offers to conjugate peptides to fluorescent cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) of your choice, including R8, TAT, Maurocalcine, and penetratin, to detect their cell penetration using microscopy.
Atto dyes can be used to replace regular fluorescent dyes. Atto dyes have enhanced photostability and ozone resistance, long signal lifetimes, and reduced background for higher sensitivity. They are ideal for multiplex techniques using visible and near-IR emission wavelengths. For example, Atto 488 is a superior alternative to FITC and Alexa Fluor 488, producing conjugates with more photostability and brighter fluorescence. Atto 550 is an alternative to rhodamine dyes, Cy3, and Alexa Fluor 550, offering more intense brightness and increased photostability.
|Fluorophores||Recommended Atto Dye Alternative|
|Alexa Fluor 488||Atto 488|
|Alexa Fluor 532||Atto 532|
|HEX™||Atto 532,Atto Rho6G|
|ROX||Atto 565,Atto Rho11|
|Alexa Fluor 594||Atto 590,Atto 594|
|Texas Red||Atto 590|
|Alexa Fluor 633||Atto 633,Atto Rho14|
|Cy5||Atto 647,Atto 647N,Atto 655|
|Alexa Fluor 647||Atto 647,Atto 647N,Atto 655|
|Cy5.5||Atto 680,Atto 700|
The client requested a very hydrophobic peptide 68 amino acid in length (85% purity) with FITC modification at the N-terminus. The peptide was successfully synthesized in 4 weeks.